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Apples and Oranges: Differences between Various Subsidy Studies

 

October 1994; revised July 1995

 

Subject:

 

Costs, Markets (Rural, Urban), Revenues, Services, Universal Service

 

Full Paper          Executive Summary

 

Overview:

Part of a series on universal service, Apples and Oranges, helped federal and state regulators sort through a variety of studies, each producing a different amount for subsidies inherent in traditional telephone industry prices.  The studies ranged from $1 billion to $20 billion.  Each study asks and answers a different question; and therefore, the results are not directly comparable.  For each study, this paper shows the question, amount, the approach, the data set, and type of subsidy.

 

 

 

 

Copyright 2006, Converging Industries Research Foundation and Carol Weinhaus, Cambridge, MA.  All Rights Reserved.

 

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