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What is the Price of Universal Service? Impact of Deaveraging Nationwide Urban/Rural Rates


July 1993




Costs, Markets (Rural, Urban), Prices, Revenues, Services, Universal Service


Full Paper          Executive Summary



Part of a series on universal service, Deaveraging Urban/Rural Rates, provides the impact for 1991 if rural customers paid the full cost of their telephone service.  Results shows impact of deaveraging rates (prices) for urban and rural telephone services, for nationwide totals and for average customer bills.  Results also include the impact on residential customer budgets (rural and urban).  In addition, a model shows two alternatives to 1993 rural support mechanisms: one changes the who receives assistance and the other changes who pays for the support.





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