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Universal Service Tool Kit, Part 1: Getting from Here to There: Transitions for Restructuring Subsidies


July 1994, revised October 1994




Competition, Costs, Education (Schools), Low-Income, Markets (Rural, Urban, Residential, Business), Prices, Services, Universal Service


Full Paper          Executive Summary



Part of a series on universal service, Universal Service Tool Kit, Part 1, presents ideas to transition for monopoly-based telecommunications subsidies to new ones that better fit the competitive environment.  This paper provides short-term solutions, which, when linked with one another, help lead to major revisions of the traditional system.  (See Universal Service Tool Kit, Part 2, for an example that links some of these ideas into a unified approach).





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