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Overview of Universal Service


December 1995




Costs, Low-Income, Markets (Rural, Urban, Residential, Business), Prices, Technology, Universal Service


Full Paper



Part of a series on universal service, Overview of Universal Service, provides an overview of universal service, including areas that play an ongoing role in the regulation.  Charts and brief explanations cover the basic areas and issues.  This includes subsidies and support mechanisms, industry convergence, price deaveraging, impact on consumer budgets, and the need for policy changes.





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